Syllabus of Philosophy Optional in IAS

Below is the overview of the syllabus of Philosophy Optional in IAS 


History and Problems of Philosophy

1. Plato and Aristotle:  

2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz)

3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume)

4. Kant

Philosophy Optional

5. Hegel

6. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein

7. Logical Positivism: 

8. Later Wittgenstein:

9. Phenomenology (Husserl):

10. Existentialism

11. Quine and Strawson

12. Carvaka:

13. Jainism:

14. Schools of Buddhism:

15. Nya-ya- Vais’esikaVais’esika:

16. Samkhya: 

17. Yoga: a.

18. Mima-msa 

19. Schools of Vedanta: Brahman 

20. Aurobindo 


Socio-Political Philosophy

1. Social and Political Ideals

2. Sovereignty 

3. Individual and State 

4. Forms of Government 

5. Political Ideologies 

6. Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.

7. Crime and Punishment 

8. Development and Social Progress.

9. Gender Discrimination

10.Caste Discrimination

Philosophy of Religion is also included in the Syllabus of Philosophy Optional.

Also know which NECRT books to read for UPSC Preparation

UPSC Philosophy Optional in IAS Books

History & Problems of Philosophy

A History of Philosophy by Frank Thilly

Indian Philosophy – Counter Perspective was written by Dr. Daya Krishna 

Indian Philosophy II Volume by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan


A Reconstruction by David Cooper &Humanism by Jean-Paul.

Indian Philosophy

An Introduction to Indian Philosophy- S Chatterjee

A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy- C Sharma

Western Philosophy

A History of Philosophy-Frank Thilly

Contemporary Western Philosophy- Dr B.K. Lal

Social-Political Philosophy

Philosophy of Religion

Introduction to Religious Philosophy By Y Masih

Philosophy of Religion by John H. Hick

Preparation Method for Philosophy in UPSC

Philosophy is divided into four parts 

  • Western Philosophy
  • Social-political philosophy
  • Indian Philosophy
  • Religious Philosophy

Previous Years Question and Answer Sheet: – 

This is a strategy that not only abides by Philosophy but also abides by each subject for IAS, that is solving the previous year’s question papers as it helps the candidates understand the pattern of the question and boosts their confidence.

For the cores of the optional subject of philosophy – Social-political philosophy and Religious Philosophy, you can refer to Hindu editorial and magazines Yojana and Kurukshetra.  

Enrol In A Good IAS Academy: – 

Enroll yourself with a good academy, so you can get the required guidance along with concise and proper notes for IAS preparation


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *