Duties and Responsibility of an IAS Officer

IAS officer job is one of the most desirable jobs in the country. Every year many students strive to accomplish their dream of becoming an IAS but only a few hundred get successful in achieving their goal. There is a hard competition among candidates to get into the top most services of the nation

The duty and responsibility of an IAS officer is challenging and filled with opportunities to make a huge difference in the lives of the people. Therefore, for those who want to serve the society with their efforts and hard work, this job provides a range of opportunities which no other job can provide. Let’s look at the life of an IAS officer.

Life at LBSNAA

After being selected, IAS officer go for their training to Lal Bahdur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA). Here, the day begins at 6:00 am with the morning exercises and 9-10 hours are dedicated to lectures, sports and extracurricular activities. Officers are given sufficient time to spend with their colleagues and can socialize themselves.

Outdoor activities are also taken up like visiting the nearby villages to understand their conditions and discussions on improving them. A whole India education tour named Bharat Darshan is also conducted for the officers to understand the cultures and people of various states and the functioning of several government agencies. At the academy they are prepared for their upcoming responsibilities.

After The Academy

After the completion of the training, officers are posted in the field, Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), or central/state secretariats. With this, the daily routine of an IAS officer varies according to the posting. Usually for an officer posted in the field, the day begins at 9:00 am reporting in the office. Afterwards, files and reports are viewed and the work schedule for the whole day is decided.

The normal day for the officer would include visiting several areas to supervise the implementation of policies and inspection of the several departments for their working. They are also frequently called upon by higher officers or ministers for routine meetings on area development. Moreover, during the emergencies like natural calamities, law and order problem or epidemics like COVID-19, work load increases for the officers. They need to monitor and supervise the activities of various stakeholders and submit the reports accordingly to higher authorities.

Administration Under The IAS

An IAS officer is endowed with several responsibilities and also given some powers to fulfill them accordingly. The responsibilities and duties of an IAS officer are:

  • They handle the daily administration of the government which also includes implementation and framing of the policies.
  • Advice and support the higher government officials in implementation of the policies.
  • Supervision of effective implementation of rules and regulations in an area.
  • Liaison and consult with other government official and ministers.
  • Evaluate the working of policies in the area by getting honest feedback from the public.
  • Ensure maintenance of law and order under the jurisdiction.

Powers include :

  • As per the Code of Criminal Procedure (1973): Sections 107, 108, 109, 110, 133, 144 and 176 lists out powers for maintaining law and order given to Magistrates.
  • Powers of a collector regarding revenue are governed by tenancy laws.
  • Powers to tackle national disasters are enlisted under the National Disaster Management Act which was invoked to implement lockdown during COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Arms Act, Essential Commodities Act, Drugs License Act, and other laws empower magistrates to deal with several issues.

These are the main laws governing the powers of an IAS. There are nearly 300 laws which are provided for governance and rules are also provided in the All India Service Manuals produced by the Department of Personnel and Training and updated timely. These service manual also list out the conduct rules and responsibilities of the officers and their answerability to central and state legislatures.


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